Learn About the Different Types of Adult Learning

Different Types of Adult Learning

Adult Learning

If you’re looking for an interesting, informative article on Adult Learning, look no further. The following article will cover the Action Training Model, Social Learning Theory, Andragogy, and Transformative learning. All of these terms are used to describe different types of learning, as well as their applications and benefits. Read on for more information. The best way to begin your journey as an adult learning professional is by reading up on the many different types of learning available.

Action Training Model

The Action Training Model (ATM) is a methodology for adult educators that blends training and production. In a workshop setting, participants receive knowledge, then elaborate a concrete product. This is a great way to engage learners, because they are actively involved and have a sense of ownership over the training. However, this method is not without its flaws, as I’ll discuss below. In some cases, the Action Training Model may not be the most appropriate choice for your situation.

Social Learning Theory

The social learning theory focuses on the re-framing of adults’ expectations about learning. The theory highlights the importance of personal relevance in adult learning. In addition to focusing on the importance of learning for personal growth, social learning should also be relevant for the students’ career. When students can visualize the benefits of completing a course, they are more likely to stay motivated and complete it. Therefore, it is important for instructors to identify these factors early on in the course.


The concept of andragogy for adult learning is an approach that emphasizes the process of learning rather than the content itself. Common strategies include role playing, simulations, and self-evaluation, and instructors assume the roles of facilitator and resource. This approach has been widely adopted in many different forms of adult learning, including professional development programs. It is a useful framework for any type of adult learning program and has been used extensively in corporate training programs.

Transformative learning

Transformative learning involves self-examination. Through reflection, students rethink and question their own beliefs, assumptions, and worldviews. This is a painful process, but in the end, students develop a new way of seeing the world. Their perspectives on things become more critical, and they are more receptive to new information and ideas. This process involves many steps. To be effective, transformative learning requires teachers to question themselves, their practices, and their own beliefs and assumptions.

Action Learning

Action learning is a highly social activity. Typically, a typical action learning course lasts four to nine months. The focus of the program is to develop a group’s knowledge base as much as their skill set. The process begins with defining the problem, assessing the situation, and deciding on an action. Then, after completing the action learning process, the group evaluates the method used to solve the problem and its outcome.

Andragogy vs. Andragogy

The term “andragogy” was first used to refer to the art of teaching adults, but over time, it has become a broader term that applies to a variety of teaching strategies. It emphasizes learning as a process, rather than the content itself. Some examples of useful strategies include simulations, case studies, and self-evaluation. Andragogy is useful for all types of adult learning, from online courses to traditional classroom lectures. It is also widely used in organizational training programs, which typically emphasize learning activities that are task-oriented.

Self-directed learning

The definition of self-directed learning refers to a type of learning in which learners are actively involved in the process. Self-directed learning is also known as self-directed learning because learners are able to evaluate their own learning processes, identify deficient or incorrect learning, and choose appropriate activities. In a study conducted by Kilic and Sokmen in Turkey, teacher candidates were assessed on their self-directed learning skills. The authors found that self-control skills accounted for the least amount of self-directed learning skills, with high scores in all other dimensions. However, lower scores on self-control were found in students at Baskent University and Hacettepe University.

5 Theories of Adult Learning

The Five Theories of Adult Learning

Adult Learning

Adult learning theories don’t consist of theory jargon, but are tools for instructional designers and facilitators to design course content. To design a successful learning environment, instructors should know why learners learn. Motivated people learn because they want to. An answer to the question, “What’s in it for me?” is a compelling internal motivation. Here are some key theories of adult learning. And how can you use them to create engaging learning experiences?


A recent study examined learner-centeredness in adult learning from the perspective of instructors and learners. The authors of this study, Sarah McCombs and John Whistler, examined how adult learners define and use learner-centeredness. They found that many participants identified with the concept of learner-centeredness, which includes equity and inclusion. Although the study results are mixed, the authors conclude that learner-centeredness is more effective than traditional teaching practices.

Research shows that adult learners are motivated to learn by the purpose of their education and seek motivation from career advancement, personal growth, and remuneration. Learning activities should be designed to connect learning with personal and professional goals, so that participants are motivated to complete them. When possible, teachers should ask groups of learners to take a short survey before the tutorial begins to determine their knowledge gaps and make suggestions for activities. They should use the results to frame the rest of the tutorial.


Self-directedness in adult learning is an important characteristic of adults. It may be hard for self-directed learners to take initiative when surrounded by teacher-directed activities. Moreover, not all adults are self-directed; those who have been taught by teachers for years might not be able to display it. To promote self-directedness in adult learners, educators should structure learning environments in such a way that they foster self-direction. According to Brookfield, encouraging self-direction in adults makes them proactive and self-motivated.

However, some researchers have questioned the validity of this claim. For one, self-directed learners do not necessarily show a high level of independence. Instead, they exhibit behaviors that differ from those of those in middle-class backgrounds. In addition, they rarely mention the factors that are typical of adult learning. Moreover, the study findings suggest that educators need to learn more about self-direction in order to develop effective adult-learning environments.


Using reflective observation is an important part of adult learning. Participants must be provided the time and space to consider their experiences and ideas. Several methods can be used to promote reflection, including demonstrations, scenario-driven activities, and case studies. Educators should select materials that encourage critical thinking and abstract conceptualization. Here are some ideas:

Asking questions to explore new subjects and assessing their impact on the learner are two common strategies. Reflection helps learners examine what they’ve learned and how they can improve it for the next time. In addition, training programs should offer many ways for learners to engage with information, allow them to set their own pace, and provide opportunities for feedback. Adult learners are more motivated when they can visualize the benefits of completing a training course.

Active recall

Active recall is a form of testing where a learner is asked to remember information that was taught in class without the help of notes, books, or cues. This type of exam is especially helpful when studying anatomy for a specific test, since the learner has no time to look up information. Practicing retrieval practice and active recall can increase long-term retention by 50 percent. Learners can also use active recall in other learning activities, such as completing flaschard quizzes.

When used properly, active memory can help us recall information that was previously learned. Active recall is effective for learning trajectories and definitions, as well as the different pathways of blood in the body. This form of memory is better than reading text or staring at a screen, as it allows us to understand material more deeply and make inferences. Here are some examples of how active recall works:

Project-based learning

The basic principles of adult learning through project-based education are practical, relevant, and problem-based. Participants must also have opportunities to reflect on their learning. Anson Green, author of the Principles of Project-Based Learning (PBL) in Education, describes the principles at the core of the program. Trust and adaptation of materials are essential for effective learning. The program also emphasizes the role of teacher practice in professional learning.

Adult learning through project-based learning is closely related to participatory education and Freirean philosophy. Both emphasize empowerment of disenfranchised learners and encourage critical reflection and collective action. The philosophy of adult learning through project-based learning owes its popularity in part to the widespread use of community-based education in the community. The basic principles of adult learning through project-based learning are described below: